Democracy and corruption

  • Frédéric Boehm

Abstract

It’s been revised the arguments linking democracy to the control of corruption starting from the often heard call for a “strong man”, an autocrat that could give a country the needed stability and that could take the decisions required to get rid of corruption. Clearly, the call does not survive empirical scrutiny. Rather, the evidence shows a robust negative relationship between level of corruption and level of democracy. However, the evidence also shows that the potential of democracy in fighting corruption hinges upon a series of conditions, and that the mere existence of formal political competition through regular elections on its own is not enough.

References

Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J. (2005). Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Ades, A., DiTella, R. (1999). Rents, Competition, and Corruption. The American Economic Review 89(4), 982-993

Aidt, T. (2011): Corruption and Sustainable Development. En: Rose-Ackerman, S. & Søreide, T. [eds.]: International Handbook On The Economics Of Corruption, Volume Two. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

Andvig, J.C., Moene K.O. (1990). How Corruption May Corrupt. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 13, 63-76.

Bhattacharyya, S., Hodler, R. (2010). Natural resources, democracy and corruption. European Economic Review 54 (2010) 608–621

Bhattacharyya, S., Hodler, R. (2012). Media freedom and democracy in the fight against corruption. European Journal of Political Economy 39, 13–24

Billger, S.M., Goel, R.K. (2009). Do existing corruption levels matter in controlling corruption? Cross-country quantile regression estimates. Journal of Development Economics 90: 299–305.

Chang, E.C., Golden, M.A., Hill, S.J. (2010). Legislative Malfeasance and Political Accountability. World Politics 62(2), 177–220

Chowdhury, S.K. (2004). The effects of democracy and press freedom on corruption: an empirical test. Economic Letters 85, 93-101

Costas-Pérez, E. (2013). The Effects of Political Corruption on Turnout: Mobilization or Disaffection? Universitat de Barcelona & Institut d’Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Costas-Pérez, E., Solé-Ollé, A., Sorribas-Navarro, P. (2012). Corruption scandals, voter information, and accountability. European Journal of Political Economy 28, 469-484

Crisp, B.F., Olivella, S., Potter, J.D., Mishler, W. (2014). Elections as instruments for punishing bad representatives and selecting good ones. Electoral Studies 34, 1-15

Drury, A.C., Krieckhaus, J., Lusztig, M. (2006). Corruption, Democracy, and Economic Growth. International Political Science Review 27(2), 121-136

Easterly, W. (2014). Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor. Basic Books

Emerson, P.E. (2006). Corruption, competition and democracy. Journal of Development Economics 81, 193–212

Fernández-Vázquez, P., Gonzalo Rivero, P.B. (2014). Rooting Out Corruption or Rooting for Corruption? The Heterogeneous Electoral Consequences of Scandals. New York University Golden, M.A., Chang E.C. (2001). Competitive Corruption. Factional Conflict and Political Malfeasance in Postwar Italian Christian Democracy. World Politics 53 (July), 588–622

Gardiner, J.A. (2005). Defining Corruption. In: Heidenheimer, A.J, and Johnston, M. [eds.]: Political Corruption. Concepts & Contexts. Third Edition. New Brunswick and New Jersey: Transaction Publishers

González-Espinosa, A.C., Boehm, F. (2013). Medir la Corrupción: De la generación de consciencia a los peligros de la mala interpretación. Revista OPERA 11, 259-277

Published
2015-11-23
Section
RESEARCH RESULTS ARTICLES

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.