The importance of the essential factors in the cluster // La importancia de los factores fundamentales en el clúster // A importância dos fatores chave no clúster

Javier Gomez Diaz



The objective proposed in this paper is to demonstrate the importance of the fundamental factors in the functioning and competitiveness of the clúster. A survey was applied to hoteliers and restaurateurs of the tourist destination of the city of Oaxaca, with information obtained correlation analysis and regression factors were made. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the factors of cooperation, social networks, knowledge and innovation, and these same relate to competitiveness. The trust factor is related to competitiveness, but showed no relation to the other fundamental factors. According to the regression knowledge and innovation are the factors that explain the competitiveness of the companies surveyed. This shows the importance of the fundamental factors for the clúster, which should be considered when implementing a clúster policy and achieve increased competitiveness.


cooperación; competencia; conocimiento; innovación; competitividad

Full Text:

PDF (Español)


Acuña, M., Villalobos D., y Ruiz K. (2000). El clúster ecoturístico de Monteverde/Costa Rica: posibilidad y realidad de la relación turismo. Universidad Nacional. Centro Internacional de Política Económica para el Desarrollo Sostenible. Disponible en:úster-2231654

Anbumozhi, V., Gunjima T., Prem, A. A. y Visnathan, C. (2010). An assessment of inter firm networks in a Wood biomass industrial cluster lessons for integrated. Clean techn environ policy, 12:(4), 365-372

Arikan, A. (2009). Interfirm knowledge exchanges and the knowledge creation capability of clusters. Academy of management review, 34(4), 658-699

Binder, R. y Sautler, B. (2006). Entrepreneurship in cluster. En: M. Fritsch y J. Schmude (Ed.), Entrepreneurship in the regional (p. 143-170). United States of America: Springer science business media, Inc.

Cai, H. y Fan, R. (2011). Analysis of differences in innovation capacity and performance of SMEs clúster. En: Z. Quingyuan, (Ed), Applied economics, Business and Development (pp. 310-316). China: Springer science business media, Inc.

Coelho, A. (2007). Eficiencia colectiva y upgrading en el clúster del tequila. Análisis económico, 22(49), 169-194

Cooke, P. (2004). Introduction regional innovation systems an evolutionary approach. En: P. Cooke, M. Heidenreich y B. Hans-Joachim (Ed.), Regional innovation systems (p. 1-18). Francia: Editorial Routledge

Cuervo, G. A., Montoro, S. A. y Romero, M. A. (2009). Cluster and business innovation En: Galindo, M., Guzman, J., y Ribeiro, D. (Ed.), A regional perspective (p. 187-210). Alemania: Heldelbeg

Dayasindhu, N. (2002). Embeddedness, knowledge transfer, industry clúster and global competitiveness: a case study of the Indian software industry. Technocation, 22(9),551-560

Dragičević, M. (2006). Regional Clusters as a Source of Competitiveness Building. In: Proceedings: International Conference: “Legal, political and economical initiatives towards Europe of Knowledge“. Kaunas University of Technology

Dragusin, M., Luminita, C. D. y Petrescu, R. (2010). Clustering in transition economies the case romanian tourism industry. Tourism & hospitality management, Mayo, 287-301

Eisingerich, A., Bell, S. y Tracery, P. (2010). How can clusters sustain performance? The role of network strength network openness, and environmental uncertainty. Research policy, 39(2), 239-253

Erkus, H. (2008). The role of clúster types and firm size in designing the level of network relations: the experience of the Antalya tourism region. Tourism management, 30(4), 589-597

Ferreira, J. y Estevao, C. (2009). Regional competitiveness of tourism clúster: a conceptual model proposal. Revista Encontros Científicos - Tourism & Management Studies, 5 (2009), 37-51

Feser, E. (2005). Industry clúster concepts in innovation policy: A comparison of U.S. and latin American experience. Interdisciplinary studie in economics and management, 4, 135-155

García, G. A., Lara, R. A. (2004). Clúster y coo-petencia (cooperación y competencia) industrial: algunos elementos teóricos por considerar. Problemas de desarrollo. Revista latinoamericana de economía, 35(139), 141-162

Ibata, A. K. (2009). Kyoto clúster culture: national and regional entrepreneurship strategy and policy in Japan and the United States. Asian Bussiness & Management, 8(4), 395-428

Iordache, C., Ciochina, I. y Asandei, M. (2010). Clústers tourism activity increase competitiveness support. Theoretical and applied economics, 17(5), 99-112

Ivanovic, S., Katie, A. y Mikinae, K. (2010). Cluster as a model of sustainable competitiveness of small and medium entrepreneurship in the tourist market. Journal of economics, 1(2), 45-54

Ketels, C., Lindqvist, G., Sölvell, Ö. (2006). Cluster initiatives in developing and transition economies. Suecia: Center for strategy and competitiveness

Liu, Y. y Hu, Z. (2011). The evaluation índex system of the industrial clústers core competence and fuzzy synthetic evaluation. En: Lee, J. (Ed.), Advanced electrival and electronics engineering (p.627-633). China: Springer

Maskell, P., Kebir, L. (2005). What qualifies as a cluster theory. Working paper No. 05-09 Departament of Industrial Economics and Strategy, Copenhagen Business School

Morosini, P. (2004). Industrial cluster knowledge integration and performance. World Evelopment, 32(2), 305-326

Pacheco, V. R. (2007). Una crítica al paradigma de desarrollo regional mediante clústeres industriales forzados. Estudios sociológicos, XXV(3), 683-707

Piotr, P. (2010). Cluster and Network Approach in Regional Development. En Piotr, P. (Ed.), Regional cohesion effectiveness of network structures (p.33-47). Polonia: Springer

Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business Review, 73(6), 77-90

Porter, M. E. (2003). The economic performance of regions. Regional Studies, 37(6), 549-578

Reid, N., Carroll, C. M. y Smith, W. B. (2007). Critical steps in the cluster building process. Economicd evelopment journal, 6(4), 1-10

Savoie, A. (2009). A model for regional technology based economic development. Doctoral dissertation, University of New Orleans

Toledo, L. G., Quelopana, M. E. M. y Castroman, P. A. (2006). Estrategia internacional de un clúster turístico latinoamericano. Estudio de caso: Sauipe-BrasilTorres. Global tourism, 1(1), 1-8

Torres, F. C. y De la Fuente, M. H. (2009). Factores de éxito en proveedores de bienes manufacturados de la salmonicultura chilena. Ingeniare, Revista Chilena de Ingeniería, 17(1), 58-67

Varisco, C. (2004). El clúster turístico de Miramar. Aportes y transferencias, 8(2), 61-88

Varisco, C. (2007). Iniciativas de desarrollo local y fomento del clúster turístico. Aportes y transferencias, 11(1), 30-42

Yuzbasioglu, N., Arsezen, O. P. y Ozer, D. M. (2011). Antalya region tourism cluster: to measure the impact of tourism cluster on regional development. Middle Eastern Finance and Economics, 11, 89-95

Zhao, W., Watanabe, C., Griffy, B. C. (2009). Competitive advantage in an industry clúster: the case of Dalian Software Park in China. Technology in society, 31(2009), 139-149.

Zhao, Y., Zhou, W. y Hüsig, S. (2010). Enviroment network interactions and innovation performace of industrial clústers. Jounal of science and technology policy China, 1(3), 210-233.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Javier Gomez Diaz

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Our index:

Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals (WoS recognition): Citation Index (ESCI)=+3.5, DOAJ (EBSCO, EconLit, vLex, DOAJ)=5, SCIB (Secondary Composite Index Broadcasting)=9.5. Likewise, in the PUBLINDEX we were recognized as being a journal of the first quartile (Q1) for its level of reading and citation.

License by: