The importance of the essential factors in the cluster

Javier Gomez Diaz


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15665/rde.v15i2.917

Abstract


The objective proposed in this paper is to demonstrate the importance of the fundamental factors in the functioning and competitiveness of the clúster. A survey was applied to hoteliers and restaurateurs of the tourist destination of the city of Oaxaca, with information obtained correlation analysis and regression factors were made. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the factors of cooperation, social networks, knowledge and innovation, and these same relate to competitiveness. The trust factor is related to competitiveness, but showed no relation to the other fundamental factors. According to the regression knowledge and innovation are the factors that explain the competitiveness of the companies surveyed. This shows the importance of the fundamental factors for the clúster, which should be considered when implementing a clúster policy and achieve increased competitiveness.

El presente artículo es resultado de una investigación científica y se ha planteado en torno al objetivo de analizar y comparar la influencia de las características personales y sociales en la predisposición a innovar en los consumidores jóvenes de Villavicencio - Colombia y Coatzacoalcos - México. Para el desarrollo se procedió a encuestar a 1591 jóvenes universitarios de las dos ciudades. El rango etario de la muestra fue entre 17 y 25 años. Para ello se contó con la colaboración de la Universidad de los Llanos y la Universidad Veracruzana. Los resultados evidencian que no existe asociación entre la predisposición a innovar y las variables de características personales o sociales estudiadas. Esto significa que una estrategia de segmentación demográfica no es suficiente, pues los determinantes del comportamiento del segmento pueden estar influenciados por sus motivaciones personales, o por las características de los productos.

Este artigo é o resultado da investigação científica e tem sido levantada em torno do objetivo analisar e comparar a influência das características pessoais e sociais na predisposição para inovar jovens consumidores de Villavicencio - Colômbia e Coatzacoalcos - México. Desenvolvimento procedeu ao levantamento de 1591 estudantes universitários das duas cidades. A faixa etária da amostra foi de entre 17 e 25 anos. Para fazer isso, ele contou com a colaboração da Universidade do Llanos e Universidad Veracruzana. Os resultados mostram que não existe uma associação entre a vontade de inovar e variáveis de características pessoais ou sociais estudados. Isto significa que uma estratégia de segmentação demográfica não é suficiente, porque os determinantes do segmento de comportamento podem ser influenciados pelas suas motivações pessoais, ou as características dos produtos.


Keywords


cooperation, competence, knowledge, innovation, competitiveness // cooperación; competencia; conocimiento; innovación; competitividad

Full Text:

PDF (Sp)

References


Acuña, M.; Villalobos D. & Ruiz K. (2000) El clúster ecoturístico de Monteverde/Costa Rica: posibilidad y realidad de la relación turismo. Universidad Nacional. En: http://es.slideshare.net/cduranmardones/clúster-2231654

Anbumozhi, V.; Gunjima T.; Prem, A. A. & Visnathan, C. (2010) An assessment of inter firm networks in a Wood biomass industrial cluster lessons for integrated. Clean techn environ policy, (12)(4), 365-372.

Arikan, A. (2009) Interfirm knowledge exchanges and the knowledge creation capability of clusters. Academy of management review, (34)(4), 658-699

Binder, R. & Sautler, B. (2006) Entrepreneurship in cluster, 143-170. En: Fritsch, M. & Schmude, J. (Eds.), Entrepreneurship in the regional. United States of America: Springer science business media, Inc.

Cai, H. y Fan, R. (2011) Analysis of differences in innovation capacity and performance of SMEs clúster, 310-316. En: Quingyuan, Z. (Ed), Applied economics, Business and Development. China: Springer science business media, Inc.

Coelho, A. (2007) Eficiencia colectiva y upgrading en el clúster del tequila. Análisis económico, (22)(49), 169-194.

Cooke, P. (2004) Introduction regional innovation systems an evolutionary approach, 1-18. En: Cooke, P.; Heidenreich, M. & Hans-Joachim, B. (Ed.), Regional innovation systems. Francia: Editorial Routledge.

Cuervo, G. A.; Montoro, S. A. & Romero, M. A. (2009) Cluster and business innovation, 187-210. En: Galindo, M.; Guzman, J. & Ribeiro, D. (Ed.), A regional perspective. Alemania: Heldelbeg.

Dayasindhu, N. (2002) Embeddedness, knowledge transfer, industry clúster and global competitiveness: a case study of the Indian software industry. Technocation, (22)(9),551-560.

Dragičević, M. (2006) Regional Clusters as a Source of Competitiveness Building. In: Proceedings: International Conference: Legal, political and economical initiatives towards Europe of Knowledge. Kaunas University of Technology.

Dragusin, M.; Luminita, C. D. & Petrescu, R. (2010) Clustering in transition economies the case romanian tourism industry. Tourism & hospitality management, 287-301.

Eisingerich, A.; Bell, S. & Tracery, P. (2010) How can clusters sustain performance?. The role of network strength network openness, and environmental uncertainty. Research policy, (39)(2), 239-253.

Erkus, H. (2008) The role of clúster types and firm size in designing the level of network relations: the experience of the Antalya tourism region. Tourism management, (30)(4), 589-597.

Ferreira, J. & Estevao, C. (2009) Regional competitiveness of tourism clúster: a conceptual model proposal. Revista Encontros Científicos - Tourism & Management Studies, (5), 37-51.

Feser, E. (2005) Industry clúster concepts in innovation policy: A comparison of U.S. and latin American experience. Interdisciplinary studie in economics and management, (4), 135-155.

García, G. A. & Lara, R. A. (2004) Clúster y coo-petencia (cooperación y competencia) industrial: algunos elementos teóricos por considerar. Problemas de desarrollo. Revista latinoamericana de economía, (35)(139), 141-162.

Ibata, A. K. (2009) Kyoto clúster culture: national and regional entrepreneurship strategy and policy in Japan and the United States. Asian Bussiness & Management, (8)(4), 395-428.

Iordache, C.; Ciochina, I. & Asandei, M. (2010) Clústers tourism activity increase competitiveness support. Theoretical and applied economics, (17)(5), 99-112.

Ivanovic, S.; Katie, A. & Mikinae, K. (2010) Cluster as a model of sustainable competitiveness of small and medium entrepreneurship in the tourist market. Journal of economics, (1)(2), 45-54.

Ketels, C.; Lindqvist, G. & Sölvell, Ö. (2006) Cluster initiatives in developing and transition economies. Suecia: Center for strategy and competitiveness.

Liu, Y. & Hu, Z. (2011) The evaluation índex system of the industrial clústers core competence and fuzzy synthetic evaluation, 627-633. In: Lee, J. (Ed.), Advanced electrival and electronics engineering. China: Springer.

Maskell, P. & Kebir, L. (2005) What qualifies as a cluster theory. Working paper, 05-09.

Morosini, P. (2004) Industrial cluster knowledge integration and performance. World Evelopment, (32)(2), 305-326.

Pacheco, V. R. (2007) Una crítica al paradigma de desarrollo regional mediante clústeres industriales forzados. Estudios sociológicos, (25)(3), 683-707.

Piotr, P. (2010) Cluster and Network Approach in Regional Development, 33-47. En: Piotr, P. (Ed.), Regional cohesion effectiveness of network structures. Polonia: Springer.

Porter, M. E. (1998) Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business Review, (73)(6), 77- 90.

Porter, M. E. (2003) The economic performance of regions. Regional Studies, (37)(6), 549-578.

Reid, N.; Carroll, C. M. & Smith, W. B. (2007) Critical steps in the cluster building process. Economic development journal, (6)(4), 1-10.

Savoie, A. (2009) A model for regional technology based economic development. University of New Orleans

Toledo, L. G.; Quelopana, M. E. M. & Castroman, P. A. (2006) Estrategia internacional de un clúster turístico latinoamericano. Estudio de caso: Sauipe-BrasilTorres. Global tourism, (1)(1), 1-8.

Torres, F. C. & De la Fuente, M. H. (2009) Factores de éxito en proveedores de bienes manufacturados de la salmonicultura chilena. Ingeniare, Revista Chilena de Ingeniería, (17)(1), 58-67.

Varisco, C. (2004) El clúster turístico de Miramar. Aportes y transferencias, (8)(2), 61-88.

Varisco, C. (2007) Iniciativas de desarrollo local y fomento del clúster turístico. Aportes y transferencias, (11)(1), 30-42.

Yuzbasioglu, N.; Arsezen, O. P. & Ozer, D. M. (2011) Antalya region tourism cluster: to measure the impact of tourism cluster on regional development. Middle Eastern Finance and Economics, (11), 89-95.

Zhao, W.; Watanabe, C. & Griffy, B. C. (2009) Competitive advantage in an industry clúster: the case of Dalian Software Park in China. Technology in society, (31), 139-149.

Zhao, Y.; Zhou, W. & Hüsig, S. (2010) Enviroment network interactions and innovation performace of industrial clústers. Jounal of science and technology policy China, (1)(3), 210-233.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Javier Gomez Diaz

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.