Impacto de la capacidad de absorción y ambidiestralidad en la innovación


  • Javier Fernando Del Carpio Gallegos Doctor
  • Francesc Miralles Profesor del Departamento de Empresa y Tecnología, Decano de FICED La Salle Universidad Ramon Llull. Barcelona – España.
  • Eduardo Soria Universidad Esan



Absorptive capacity, ambidexterity, technological innovation, manufacturing


Este estudio intenta diseñar un enfoque que muestre cómo la capacidad de absorción y la ambidiestralidad se relacionan con la innovación tecnológica en las empresas manufactureras peruanas. Se propone un modelo de ecuación estructural. La muestra está compuesta por 783 empresas manufactureras. Se encontró que, aunque las empresas manufactureras peruanas invierten poco en investigación y desarrollo, son capaces de desarrollar capacidades dinámicas, como capacidad de absorción y ambidiestralidad, para llevar a cabo mejor la innovación tecnológica.


Aguilera, R. V., Ciravegna, L., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Gonzalez-Perez, M. A. (2017). Multilatinas and the internationalization of Latin American firms. Journal of World Business, 52(4), 447-460. DOI:

Aljanabi, A. R. A., & Mohd Noor, N. A. (2015). The mediating role of market orientation on entrepreneurial orientation, absorptive capacity and technological innovation capabilities. Asian Social Science, 11(5), 219-234. DOI:

Aryasa, K. B., Wahyuni, S., Sudhartio, L., & Wyanto, S. H. (2017). The impact of absorptive capacity, organizational inertia on alliance ambidexterity and innovation for sustained performance. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 16(3), 1-19.

Byrne, B. M. (2010). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming (2nd. ed.). Routledge. DOI:

Cabeza-Pullés, D., Fernández-Pérez, V., & Roldán-Bravo, M. I. (2020). Internal networking and innovation ambidexterity: The mediating role of knowledge management processes in university research. European Management Journal, 38(3), 450-461. DOI:

Camisón, C., & Villar-López, A. (2014). Organizational innovation as an enabler of technological innovation capabilities and firm performance. Journal of Business Research, 67(1), 2891-2902. DOI:

Chang, Y., Hughes, M., & Hotho, S. (2011). Internal and external antecedents of SMEs’ innovation ambidexterity outcomes, Management Decision, 49(10), 1658-1676.

Cao, Q., Gedajlovic, E., & Zhang, H. (2009). Unpacking organizational ambidexterity: Dimensions, contingencies, and synergistic effects. Organization Science, 20(4), 781-796. DOI:

Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152. DOI:

Del Carpio-Gallegos, J. F., & Miralles-Torner, F. (2018). Absorptive capacity and innovation in low-tech companies in emerging economies. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 13(2), 3-11. DOI:

Derbyshire, J. (2014). The impact of ambidexterity on enterprise performance: Evidence from 15 countries and 14 sectors. Technovation, 34(10), 574-581. DOI:

Diaz-Molina, I. (2018). The role of strategic and operational absorptive capacity in organizational ambidexterity [Conference session]. 2018 Engaged Management Scholarship Conference, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States. DOI:

Dutta, S. K. (2013). Market orientation ambidexterity. SCMS Journal of Indian Management, 10(1), 54.

Escribano, A., Fosfuri, A., & Tribó, J. A. (2009). Managing external knowledge flows: The moderating role of absorptive capacity. Research Policy, 38(1), 96-105. DOI:

Fernandez, V. (2017). The finance of innovation in Latin America. International Review of Financial Analysis, 53, 37-47. DOI:

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50. DOI:

Gibson, C. B., & Birkinshaw, J. (2004). The antecedents, consequences, and mediating role of organizational ambidexterity. Academy of Management Journal, 47(2), 209-226. DOI:

Gregson, G. (2020). Innovation systems and entrepreneurial ecosystems: Implications for policy and practice in Latin America. Academy of Management Global Proceedings, 301. DOI:

Gunday, G., Ulusoy, G., Kilic, K., & Alpkan, L. (2011). Effects of innovation types on firm performance. International Journal of production economics, 133(2), 662-676. DOI:

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Prentice Hall.

Hair Jr., J. F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L., & Kuppelwieser, V. G. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). European Business Review. 2(6), 106-121. DOI:

He, Z. L., & Wong, P. K. (2004). Exploration vs. exploitation: An empirical test of the ambidexterity hypothesis. Organization Science, 15(4), 481-494. DOI:

Ince, H., Imamoglu, S. Z., & Turkcan, H. (2016). The effect of technological innovation capabilities and absorptive capacity on firm innovativeness: A conceptual framework. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235, 764-770. DOI:

Koçoglu, I., Akgün, A. E., & Keskin, H. (2015). The differential relationship between absorptive capacity and product innovativeness: A theoretically derived framework. International Business Research, 8(7), 108. DOI:

Laursen, K., & Salter, A. (2006). Open for innovation: The role of openness in explaining innovation performance among U.K. manufacturing firms. Strategic Management Journal, 27, 131–150. doi: 10.1002/smj.507 DOI:

Lavie, D., Stettner, U., & Tushman, M. L. (2010). Exploration and exploitation within and across organizations. The Academy of Management Annals, 4(1), 109-155. DOI:

Liao, S., Liu, Z., & Zhang, S. (2018). Technology innovation ambidexterity, business model ambidexterity, and firm performance in Chinese high-tech firms. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation, 26(3), 325-345. DOI:

Limaj, E., Bernroider, E. W., & Choudrie, J. (2016). The impact of social information system governance, utilization, and capabilities on absorptive capacity and innovation: A case of Austrian SMEs. Information & Management, 53(3), 380-397. DOI:

Lin, H. E., McDonough III, E. F., Lin, S. J., & Lin, C. Y. Y. (2013). Managing the exploitation/exploration paradox: The role of a learning capability and innovation ambidexterity. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(2), 262-278. DOI:

Lucena, A., & Roper, S. (2016). Absorptive capacity and ambidexterity in R&D: Linking technology alliance diversity and firm innovation. European Management Review, 13(3), 159-178. DOI:

Mardi, M., Arief, M., Furinto, A., & Kumaradjaja, R. (2018). Sustaining organizational performance through organizational ambidexterity by adapting social technology. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 9(3), 1049-1066. DOI:

Martinez-Senra, A. I., Quintas, M. A., Sartal, A., & Vázquez, X. H. (2015). How can firms’ basic research turn into product innovation? The role of absorptive capacity and industry appropriability. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 62(2), 205-216. DOI:

Najafi-Tavani, S., Najafi-Tavani, Z., Naudé, P., Oghazi, P., & Zeynaloo, E. (2018). How collaborative innovation networks affect new product performance: Product innovation capability, process innovation capability, and absorptive capacity. Industrial Marketing Management, 73, 193-205.DOI:

Olavarrieta, S., & Villena, M. G. (2014). Innovation and business research in Latin America: An overview. Journal of Business Research, 67(4), 489-497. DOI:

O’Reilly III, C. A., & Tushman, M. L. (2008). Ambidexterity as a dynamic capability: Resolving the innovator’s dilemma. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, 185-206. DOI:

Pelagio Rodriguez, R., Hechanova, M., & Regina, M. (2014). A study of culture dimensions, organizational ambidexterity, and perceived innovation in teams. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 9(3), 21-33. DOI:

Rammer, C., Czarnitzki, D., & Spielkamp, A. (2009). Innovation success of non-R&D-performers: Substituting technology by management in SMEs. Small Business Economics, 33(1), 35-58. DOI:

Revilla, E., Prieto, I. M., & Rodríguez, B. (2011). Information technology and the ambidexterity hypotheses: An analysis in product development. Journal of Operations and Supply Chain Management (JOSCM), 4(2), 1-18. DOI:

Schoenmakers, W., & Duysters, G. (2006). Learning in strategic technology alliances. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 18(2), 245–264. DOI:

Solís-Molina, M., Hernández-Espallardo, M., & Rodríguez-Orejuela, A. (2018). Performance implications of organizational ambidexterity versus specialization in exploitation or exploration: The role of absorptive capacity. Journal of Business Research, 91, 181-194. DOI:

Thornhill, S. (2006). Knowledge, innovation and firm performance in high-and low-technology regimes. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(5), 687-703. DOI:

Vrontis, D., Thrassou, A., Santoro, G., & Papa, A. (2017). Ambidexterity, external knowledge and performance in knowledge-intensive firms. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(2), 374-388. DOI:

Wang, C. L., & Rafiq, M. (2014). Ambidextrous organizational culture, contextual ambidexterity and new product innovation: A comparative study of UK and Chinese high‐tech firms. British Journal of Management, 25(1), 58-76. DOI:

Wei, Z., Yi, Y., & Guo, H. (2014). Organizational learning ambidexterity, strategic flexibility, and new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(4), 832-847. DOI:

Wong, C. W., Wong, C. Y., & Boon-itt, S. (2013). The combined effects of internal and external supply chain integration on product innovation. International Journal of Production Economics, 146(2), 566-574. DOI:

Zhao, X., Lynch, J. G., Jr., & Chen, Q. (2010). Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and truths about mediation analysis. Journal of Consumer Research, 37(2), 197-206. doi: 10.1086/651257 DOI:

Zou, T., Ertug, G., & George, G. (2018). The capacity to innovate: A meta-analysis of absorptive capacity. Innovation, 20(2), 87-121. DOI:




How to Cite

Del Carpio Gallegos, J. F., Miralles, F. ., & Soria Gomez, E. J. . (2021). Impacto de la capacidad de absorción y ambidiestralidad en la innovación. Dimensión Empresarial, 19(1), 42-63.