Convergencia de modelos y el mercado mundial de la educación superior: El reto para la excepción estadounidense

  • Nicolas Gachon Universidad de Nice


Este articulo trata acerca del sistema de educación superior en Estados Unidos desde un ángulo organizacional,
político y económico. El análisis está enmarcado en la categoría de estudios de política y utiliza la convergencia de
modelos así como también una serie de prismas (histórico, ideológico, y geopolítico) para evaluar a largo plazo las
consecuencias de la educación superior en Estados Unidos y su temprana adhesión a las normas del mercado. El
argumento es que la construcción histórica de un modelo de educación distintiva en Estados Unidos, el cual llegó a
convertirse en fuente global de la transferencia de política después del decenio de 1980, y precisamente por esta
misma razón, últimamente condujo a una relativa erosión competitiva de la educación superior de Estados Unidos
del siglo XXI. En el caso de los Estados Unidos, la transferencia de política externa de sentido único transmitió
un implícito desafío desde el principio: tanto en la educación superior, como en otros campos, exportar requiere
capacidad de renovación para asegurar el estado de modelo del origen de la exportación.


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