Review - Characterization of rubber compounds with post-industrial leather waste // Revisión - Caracterización de compuestos de caucho con residuos de cuero posindustrial

William Urrego Yepes
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2279-895X
Natalia Cardona Vásquez
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3348-0261
Sandra Milena Velásquez Restrepo
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-2801
Carolina Abril Carrascal
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7183-1915


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15665/rp.v15i2.776

Resumen


 Comúnmente los residuos industriales son dispuestos en vertederos o destinados para incineración, perdiendo con esto su uso potencial como materias primas en la fabricación de nuevos materiales. Las industrias del caucho y del cuero son consideradas como algunas de las más contaminantes a nivel mundial, sin embargo la industria del caucho ha demostrado su interés en el desarrollo de compuestos que involucren el uso de materiales clasificados como de desecho. Esta revisión abarca de manera general algunas características de residuos de cuero posindustrial, producidos durante el proceso de curtido químico con sales de cromo y los procesos de desbaste, así como las características y conceptos básicos para el análisis de compuestos de caucho aditivados con residuos de cuero. El tamaño de las partículas de cuero y su característica acida juegan un papel importante en los procesos de vulcanización y en las propiedades fisicoquímicas de los compuestos de caucho mezclados con este residuo posindustrial. La adición de residuos de cuero posindustrial genera en el caucho un efecto reforzante que puede ser aprovechado para aplicaciones en productos de mayor dureza que los cauchos no reforzados, sin embargo estos residuos generan una disminución en la capacidad de elongación del material.


Palabras clave


Caracterización, Residuos de cuero, Caucho natural, Caucho sintético, Materiales compuestos, Tratamientos químicos.

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