Revisión de metodologías ágiles para el desarrollo de software

Andrés Navarro Cadavid


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15665/rp.v11i2.36

Resumen


En los años noventa surgieron metodologías de desarrollo de software ligeras –luego llamadas ágiles– dirigidas a
reducir la probabilidad de fracaso por subestimación de costos, tiempos y funcionalidades en los proyectos de desarrollo de software. Se gestaron como alternativa a las metodologías tradicionales, específicamente para reducir
la carga burocrática propia ellas, en proyectos de pequeña y mediana escala. A diferencia de las tradicionales, las
metodologías ágiles son adaptativas –no predictivas–, y están orientadas a las personas –no a los procesos–. Este
documento hace una revisión de publicaciones sobre las metodologías ágiles, sus principios y fundamentos; establece
criterios para definir la relevancia de las metodologías ágiles; define y explica con detalle las más relevantes
(i.e., Scrum y XP); y presenta las características de otras cuatro destacadas (i.e., DSDM, Crystal, ASD y FDD).


Palabras clave


Scrum; XP; Método de desarrollo de sistemas dinámicos; Crystal; Desarrollo adaptativo de software, Desarrollo orientado a funcionalidades; Metodologías ágiles.

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