Estudio del efecto de la temperatura, concentración inicial de contaminante y dosis de adsorbente en la remoción de Níquel (II) usando residuos agroindustriales

Palabras clave: Adsorción, efluentes, metales pesados, residuos agroindustriales.

Resumen

El uso de residuos agroindustriales como materiales biosorbentes en procesos de adsorción ofrece altas eficiencias debido a sus características. Se estudió la adsorción de Ni (II) en solución usando residuos agroindustriales del proceso de obtención de almidón a partir de ñame (Dioscorea rotundata), determinando el efecto de la temperatura, concentración inicial y cantidad de adsorbente. Los ensayos de adsorción se realizaron en un sistema por lotes fijando el volumen de solución en 100 mL, pH 6 y agitación de 200 rpm; la concentración remanente en solución fue medida por absorción atómica. El adsorbente se caracterizó mediante análisis elemental y espectroscopia infrarroja de transformada de Fourier (FTIR). De los resultados, se establece que las variables estudiadas a los rangos escogidos no presentan significancia estadística. Se establece que es a 55 °C, 200 ppm y 0,355 gramos de biomaterial donde se obtiene una mayor capacidad de adsorción de 17,67 mg/g, obteniéndose un porcentaje de remoción del 91.17%. Estos resultados sugieren que residuos del proceso de almidón de ñame puede ser eficientemente usada para la remoción de iones de níquel presentes en soluciones acuosas.

Biografía del autor/a

Candelaria Nahir Tejada Tovar, Universidad de Cartagena

Currently is a professor in the Department of Engineering and Chemical Engineering Program at the Universidad de Cartagea. She is part of the Process Design and Biomass Utilization Research Group (IDAB). She holds a M.Sc. in Environmental Engineering in 2014 from the Universidad de Cartagena, and obtained her professional degree as Chemical Engineering in Universidad Industrial de Santander in 1994. Her research is focused on Water treatment, Adsorption and Environmental.

Angel Villabona Ortíz, Universidad de Cartagena
Currently is a professor in the Department of Engineering and Chemical Engineering Program at the Universidad de Cartagea. He is part of the Process Design and Biomass Utilization Research Group (IDAB). He holds a M.Sc. in Environmental Engineering in 2014 from the Universidad de Cartagena. He obtained his professional degree as Chemical Engineering in Universidad Industrial de Santander in 1994. His research is focused on Water treatment, Adsorption and Environmental
Laura Osorio García, Universidad de Cartagena
Ingeniera Química graduada de la Universidad de Cartagena en 2018.

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Publicado
2020-01-13
Sección
Articles